Important resources

Fact sheet on the history of Kashmir conflict and the current siege

Kashmir Scholars respond to Frequently Asked Questions about Kashmir history and the current siege

Resolving Kashmir: A guide by Kashmir Scholars

Fact sheet on minorities in Kashmir

Kashmir Syllabus: A list of sources for teaching and leaning about Kashmir. It foregrounds voice, histories, and aspirations of  people from within Kashmir, and moves beyond prior scholarship that often took securities studies approaches and thereby privileged the statist perspectives of India and Pakistan. This critical body of work on Kashmir allows for a lens into the broader study of the modern state, occupation, nationalism, sovereignty, militarization, social movements, resistance, human rights, international law, and self-determination.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir (1846-2019) A brief political history

Recent Human Rights Reports and Statements 

Imprisoned Resistance: A comprehensive report on Kashmir after August 5

An eleven member team comprising advocates, trade union and human activists and a psychiatrist visited Kashmir from Sept 28-Oct. 4, 2019. The broad aim of the team was to understand the situation persisting in the two months since the Abrogation of Article 370, and, to assess the quality of access to justice in these compelling circumstances. Based on the reality on the ground, the team released the most comprehensive report

Key conclusions and recommendations:

  1. Recognise that a dispute exists between peoples of Jammu and Kashmir and the Indian government
  2. Repeal the Jammu & Kashmir Public Safety Act 1978 and the Armed Forces (Jammu &Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990.
  3. Withdraw all army and para-military forces from civilian areas of Jammu and Kashmir.
  4. Open a transparent unconditional dialogue with the peoples of Jammu and Kashmir and their representatives so as to address peoples’ aspirations to determine and define their own destinies through democratic means and to find a political solution that respects the democratic will of the people in accordance with human rights and international law.

My world is dark: A report by the Associaiton of the Parents of Disappeared People on state violence and pellet firing shot gun victims

Kashmir Crisis: A report by Nitya Ramakrishnan (Advocate) and Nandini Sundar (Sociologist) , Ocotber 13, 2019

Based on their visit to various districts of Kashmir and interviews with over seventy five people –ordinary citizens, tradesmen, transporters, fruit merchants, youth, women, and children, the authors report nothing is normal in Kashmir. This report also confirms illegal detention minors as young as five.

Kashmir Civil Disobedience: Trauma, resistance, resilience–Two months on: A citizens’ report–October 12, 2019

A team of Indian citizens visited Jammu and Kashmir and published this report base don their first hand interaction with people from various sectors. The team comprise don Anirudh Kala, Brinelle D’Souza, Revati Laul and Shabnam Hashmi.

” we have spoken to a spectrum of people from politicians (those who were not in jail), bureaucrats, homemakers, schoolteachers, traders, fruit-sellers, taxi unions, students, teachers, intellectuals, poets, writers, farmers, children, journalists, civil society workers, Pandits, Sikhs and Christians and even wedding caterers across five districts over eight days. From Srinagar to Baramulla to Anantnag to Badgam and even Jammu, all had one thing in common – every single interaction was an emotional outpouring. “

Women’s Voice : A report on the ground situation in Kashmir, September 24, 2019

A team of five women who visited Kashmir from September 17-21 brought out a fact-finding report Women’s Voice. The team comprising of Annie Raja, Kawaljit Kaur and Pankhuri Zaheer from National federation of Indian Women, Poonam Kaushik of Pragatisheel Mahila Sangathan Delhi and Syeda Hameed of Muslim Women’s Forum visited 17 villages all across Kashmir to bring out the ground realities of the state after the Centre’s decision of abrogating Articles 370 and 35A of the Indian Constitution. Here is the full report

Kashmir Caged: A report on the ground situation; August 23, 2019

CPI(ML) member and activist Kavita Krishnan, Eminent economist Jean Drèze, All India Democratic Women’s Association (AIDWA) member Maimoona Mollah and National Alliance of People’s Movements (NAPM) member Vimal Bhai visited different parts of Jammu and Kashmir such as Srinagar, Sopore, Bandipora, Anantnag, Pulwama and Pampore from August 9 to August 13 to find out what has been happening in Kashmir since the abrogation of Article 370 on 5 August 2019 .

Here is the full report

Impact of militarization on the children of Kashmir: A report

Amnesty International (080719): Amnesty’s statement on UN OHCHR report on human rights situation in Kashmir.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (080719):
Update of the Situation of Human Rights in Indian-Administered Kashmir and Pakistan-Administered Kashmir from May 2018 to April 2019.

TRT documentary: Kashmir: Fault Lines in the Valley

Amnesty International (110619): Tyranny of a ‘lawless law’: Detention Without Charge or Trial Under the J&K Public Safety Act

Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons (APDP) and Jammu Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society (JKCCS) (290319): TORTURE – Indian State’s Instrument of Control in Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir

International Federation for Human Rights (March 2019): Key human rights issues of concern in Indian-Administered Jammu & Kashmir.

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (140619): Report on the Situation of Human Rights in Kashmir: Developments in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir from June 2016 to April 2018, and General Human Rights Concerns in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (140619): First-ever UN human rights report on Kashmir calls for international inquiry into multiple violations (Press release)

Human rights organizations in Kashmir

Association of Parents of Disappeared Persons

Jammu and Kashmir Coalition of Civil Society


The Dear Disappeared, By Iffat Fatima

Here Still (2019), directed and produced by Tara Dorabji and Jamie DeWolf

Khoon diy Baariv (Blood Leaves its Trail) (2015 ),  by Iffat Fatima

Important archives

Important letter from prominent Kashmiri Pandits to Al Safa newspaper , September 22, 1990 detailing their exodus. Reference to the letter first appeared in this article

Kashmir Media Sites 

Kashmir Observer

Free Press Kashmir

Greater Kashmir

Kashmir Times

The Kashmirwalla


UN Cartographic Department: Map of Jammu and Kashmir area